What are a few of the most frequent liver function test?
A series of special blood tests can often determine whether or not the liver is inflamed, injured, or working correctly. These tests can also distinguish between acute and chronic liver disorders and between hepatitis infection or inflammation of the liver and cholestasis disturbance in the formation of or obstruction in the flow of bile. The most commonly performed blood tests include the following:
- Serum bilirubin test. This test measures the amount of bilirubin from the blood. Bilirubin is produced by the liver and is excreted in the bile. Elevated levels of bilirubin may indicate an obstruction of bile flow or a problem in the processing of bile by the liver.
- Serum albumin test. This evaluation is used to gauge the amount of albumin a protein in the blood and can be useful in the diagnosis of liver disease. Low levels of albumin may indicate that the liver isn’t functioning properly.
- International normalized ratio INR, officially referred to as prothrombin time PT test. This test measures how long it takes for blood to clot. Blood clotting demands vitamin K and a protein which is produced by the liver. Prolonged clotting may indicate liver disease or other deficiencies in specific clotting factors.
- Serum alkaline phosphatase test. This evaluation is used to gauge the amount of alkaline phosphatase an enzyme in the blood. Alkaline phosphatase is found in several tissues, with the greatest concentrations in the lft test price in delhi, biliary tract, and bone. This evaluation may be performed to assess liver function and to find liver lesions that may cause biliary obstruction, such as tumors or abscesses.
- Alanine transaminase ALT test. This test measures the level of alanine aminotransferase. This is an enzyme found mostly in the liver that is released into the blood after acute liver cell damage. This evaluation may be performed to assess liver function, and/or to evaluate treatment of acute liver disease, such as hepatitis.
- Aspartate transaminase AST test. This test measures the level of aspartate transaminase. This is an enzyme that is found in the liver, pancreas, kidneys, heart, skeletal muscle, and red blood cells which is released into the bloodstream after liver or heart issues. This enzyme is released into the blood after acute liver cell damage.
- Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase test. This test measures the degree of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. This is an enzyme that is created in the liver, pancreas, and biliary tract. This test can be performed to assess liver function, to offer information about liver diseases, and to detect alcohol ingestion.